Dyslexia: Causes, Symptoms, Types, Diagnose & Treatment
A child with dyslexia may have a hard time reading, writing or learning. If not attended in early stages a child can lag behind in studies and school. However, a child can learn skills with the help of their teacher, parents and improve reading skills that in turn enhance school performance and quality of life. If you are located in Delhi and looking for the best dyslexia treatment in Delhi, then try to choose the one who also offers a reading specialist for your child to help with reading and learning disabilities.
What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a neurobiological condition which is made up of two words “dys” meaning difficulty and Lexia meaning words, language or reading. So the complete meaning of dyslexia is difficulty with words. It is a learning disability that negatively affects fluency, spelling, recognition and decoding during reading. Learning disability conditions like dyslexia is a mental disability condition which means that the problem is usually located in the brain.
Dyslexia is often considered a disease of poverty, developmental delay, or impairments related to hearing. But it’s not true! The condition is more of an inability of a child or a person to connect or have trouble connecting the letters they write, make or listen to sounds.
What are the symptoms and signs of dyslexia?
Signs of dyslexia are seen mostly once the child enters school. The symptoms are first recognized by the teacher once the child starts learning in a school. There are also certain early clues that may indicate that a child is suffering from dyslexia. The severity of signs and symptoms may vary and can worsen with time when the child starts reading and writing.
What are the signs and symptoms of dyslexia in a child before going to school?
- Developing late talking skills
- Unable to read and learn words quickly
- Difficulty in forming words or reversing sounds and getting confused with the words that sound alike.
- Difficulty remembering and recognizing words, numbers or letters.
- Symptoms of dyslexia at School-age
- The signs and symptoms of dyslexia become more prominent once the child enters school.
- Facing problems with forming and processing of words
- Difficulty in speech formation, or forming answers to questions
- Difficulty coordinating things and sequencing them.
- Difficulty in identifying, seeing, listening, finding similarities and differences in letters and words
- Inability or difficulty to spell or sound out words that are difficult to pronounce or are unfamiliar.
- Taking a long time to complete tasks that involve reading or writing
- Not interested and avoiding reading, or learning
Symptoms of dyslexia in teens and adults
- The symptoms and signs of dyslexia are mostly similar to those what we observe in children. Some common symptoms in teens and adults include:
- Facing problems while reading and reading out aloud.
- Working very hard to read and even write simple things.
- Difficulty in spelling out words.
- Showing less interest in activities which involve reading and writing.
- Difficulty pronouncing names or words
- Trouble understanding certain words, expressions, jokes or idioms.
- Trouble learning a foreign language
- Problems with recognizing or memorizing names, things and words.
- Facing difficulty solving math problems.
What causes Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is usually a genetic disorder that tends to run in families. It results due to a defect in certain genes. These defects in turn affect the brain to process functions like reading, language and understanding various risk factors present in the environment.
There are numerous risk factors associated with dyslexia which include:
- History of dyslexia in the family or other learning disabilities
- Premature baby birth or low birth weight of the baby.
- Consuming alcohol, smoking or getting infected during pregnancy can alter the development of the brain in the fetus leading to brain disabilities in the child.
- Some children may have differences in the parts of the brain that may lead to dyslexic conditions.
What are the different types of Dyslexia?
Dyslexia may seem just one condition but may be divided into subtypes based on the inability to read, write, decipher or encode words. Below mentioned are types of dyslexia:
- Phonological dyslexia: As the name suggests phonemic awareness is a condition where a child is unable to recognise and have difficulty with phonemic awareness. In this type an individual may face difficulty recognizing specific letter sounds in a word and blending them into a word. They find it difficult to break the different syllables in the word and connect those letters to the sounds they correspond to.
- Surface Dyslexia: Surface dyslexia is a type in which an individual may face difficulty spelling the words that are different from while pronouncing or the words in which certain alphabets are silent. For example, a person with surface dyslexia can not pronounce yacht, subtle knack, and wrath and etc.
- Rapid automatic naming dyslexia: In this type of dyslexia an individual may face difficulty recognising the letters and numbers quickly.
- Double deficit dyslexia: In this, two types of dyslexia appear together frequently. The most common types that appear together are phonological dyslexia and rapid naming dyslexia.
Look for the best dyslexia treatment clinic in Delhi, who specializes in all types of dyslexic treatment.
What are the tests needed to diagnose dyslexia?
The evaluation of dyslexia is done through various tests and there is no single test to determine it. Numerous Audiologist in Delhi best dyslexia treatment clinics offer various dyslexia screening tests in Delhi that can help diagnose dyslexia
- Issues related to development, health and education: This is the first criteria that a parent or a doctor would likely require to understand and know about any conditions in the family. And whether those conditions are related to learning disability.
- Questionnaires: During the diagnosis of dyslexia, the doctor may ask your child to take tests and identify if there are any reading and language disabilities.
- Neurological tests, Vision and Hearing tests: These hearing test in Malviya Nagar are essential in diagnosing conditions or disorders other than dyslexia that may be causing or adding to your child’s disability-related to learning and reading.
- Psychological testing: The doctor may ask you and your various questions to understand the mental health condition of the child. This, in turn, may help determine if a child is suffering from any social problems like anxiety, or depression.
- Evaluating reading and other academic skills: Your child may also be asked to take a set of educational tests in order to evaluate the process, quality and reading skills of the child.
What are the treatments is available for dyslexia?
There's no particular or specific treatment that is known to correct dyslexia or its underlying condition. Early detection of the disease and appropriate treatment can help improve symptoms of dyslexia. The main treatment option for dyslexia include:
1. Following the right educational approaches: Dyslexia is treated using specific educational approaches and techniques. Early detection and treatment can help a child cope up faster with dyslexia. The sooner the intervention begins the faster and better the child will be able to learn and read.
Treatment may involve helping your child:
- Learn, use and make them recognize the smallest sounds like phenomes that make up words.
- Understand each and every letter or strings of the letter that make up the word.
- Apprehend whatever he or she is reading.
- Read aloud to build interest, accuracy and fluency in reading
Parents can help their child by providing tutoring sessions or hiring a reading specialist that can help their child with dyslexia. Tutoring sessions may be required more frequently in case your child is suffering from severe dyslexia.
If provided with early care and extra help to the child during early stages like in kindergarten. It can help improve a child’s reading skills enough to succeed in school or high school. Also, by choosing the best dyslexia treatment clinic in Delhi you can find a way to help your child overcome the dyslexic condition.