Deafness And Hearing Loss: Cause, Symptoms And Treatment

Deafness And Hearing Loss: Cause, Symptoms And Treatment

You can receive the best hearing loss treatment in delhi at Tarang Speech & Hearing Clinics, Delhi. Here is everything about deafness and hearing loss.

Hearing Loss Treatment in Delhi

Deafness and hearing loss

Deafness happens when you can’t understand speech by hearing, even when amplifying the sound.

Hearing loss is a decreased ability for hearing sounds the same way as others.

Causes of deafness and hearing loss

The causes are of 2 types:

Acquired causes

These may cause hearing loss at any age like:

  • Infectious disorders like mumps, measles and meningitis
  • Chronic ear infections
  • Otitis media (fluid build-up in the ear), common in children
  • Using specific medications like those for treating cancers, malaria, neonatal infections, etc.
  • Ear or head injury
  • Excessive noise as from explosions and machinery
  • Recreational loud music like from loud personal audio devices or in concerts
  • Ageing, specifically because of degenerating sensory cells
  • Foreign bodies or wax blocking your ear canal

Congenital causes

These may cause hearing loss from birth or being present. There are from hereditary or non-hereditary genetic causes or specific complications in pregnancy and/or childbirth like:

  • Syphilis, maternal rubella or other specific infections in pregnancy
  • Low birth weight
  • Birth asphyxia (oxygen deficiency at birth)
  • Improper use of certain drugs in pregnancy like diuretics, aminoglycosides, etc.
  • Extreme jaundice during your neonatal period that can the infant’s hearing nerve


Hearing loss symptoms depend on the cause- congenital or acquired. Mostly, hearing loss symptoms progress gradually.

Particular conditions like a stroke or tinnitus may have a hearing impairment as a symptom.

Hearing loss in infants

Infants have the following hearing loss symptoms:

  • Before 4 months, the infant doesn’t turn the head towards noise.
  • By 12 months, he/she hasn’t yet uttered a word.
  • The baby isn’t startled by a loud noise.
  • The baby responds to you on seeing you but does much less or doesn’t at all when you call out his/her name or are away from sight.
  • The baby is only aware of particular sounds.

Hearing loss in toddlers and children

Slightly older children have the following signs:

The child lags behind in oral communication from others of the same age.

  • The child keeps asking questions like “Pardon?” or “What?”
  • The kid talks too loudly and tends to make noises louder than usual.

  • The child’s utterances are unclear.

Hearing loss diagnosis

Tests for hearing loss diagnosis may include:

  1. Physical exam
  2. Our doctor would look into your ear for possible reasons for hearing impairment like inflammation from infections or earwax. He would also find any structural causes of your condition.

  3. General screening tests
  4. Our doctor might perform the whisper test, requesting you to cover an ear at a time. He’d find how properly you hear words spoken at different volumes and your response to other sounds. It may have limited accuracy.

  5. App-based hearing tests
  6. You can use mobile apps on a table for screening moderate hearing loss.

  7. Tuning fork tests
  8. Tuning forks are metal devices with 2 prongs producing sounds when struck. Simple tests with them can help the doctor detect hearing impairment. It may also show the damaged site in your ear.

  9. Audiometer tests
  10. When our audiologist conducts these more-detailed tests, you put on earphones, hearing words and sounds directed to each ear. Every tone gets repeated at faint levels for finding the quietest sound to hear.

Hearing loss treatment

Hearing loss treatment is available to treat your hearing problems. It depends on the reason and extremity of your hearing loss. Treatment options include:

  • Removing wax blockage
  • Earwax blockage is reversible. Our doctor may remove your earwax with a small tool or suction using a loop on the end.

  • Surgical processes
  • Some kinds of hearing loss can be treated surgically, such as abnormalities of your ossicles (bones of hearing) or eardrum. If you have had recurrent infections with persistent fluid, our doctor can insert small tubes for helping your ears drain it out.

  • Hearing aids
  • If your hearing loss is because of a damage to the inner ear, you can try a hearing aid. Our audiologist can discuss with you its advantages and suiting your specific condition, help you get the best type of hearing aids like canal hearing aids (IIC, ITC or CIC), In-the-ear (ITE) hearing aids, Behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids, Receiver-in-canal (RIC) or Receiver-in-the-ear (RITE) hearing aids, etc. Open fit types are nowadays the most wanted because of their features and fit.

  • Cochlear implants
  • With more extreme hearing loss and getting limited help from conventional hearing aids, you can go for a cochlear implant. Unlike hearing aids which amplify sounds, directing them into the ear canal, cochlear implants help in bypassing dysfunctional or damaged parts of the inner ear. They stimulate your hearing nerve directly. Our audiologist and ENT (ear, nose and throat) specialist would discuss its benefits and risks with you.